Artificial insemination is a method used to treat infertility by inserting semen directly into a womb. In this method doctors inject the sperm directly into the uterus, cervix or fallopian tube. This is generally the first method suggested by the doctor to treat infertility. This technique gives the sperm a natural environment and improves the chances of egg being fertilized.
Why Use Artificial Insemination?
This is helpful as it makes the trip shorter for sperms ad reduces obstructions. Artificial Insemination can benefit couples over the following reasons:
- Women with a cervical infertility factor. Here the sperm will directly travel to the womb and bypass the process that includes cervical problems.
- For a couple unable to make a relationship due to medical disorders.
- This method is successful in mild case of endometriosis (where the sperm starts growing outside the womb like the fallopian tube or ovaries).
- For men who are unable to produce enough sperms or whose sperms cannot travel to the womb.
- For men who may need to take risky medical treatments such as radiations or chemotherapy, sperms can be frozen and used later in artificial insemination.
The doctor will need ultrasounds and blood tests to check if the woman is ovulating after getting the artificial Insemination. The sperms are washed in the lab to remove chemicals and increase the chances of a woman getting pregnant. The sperms are brought to a room temperature and the most active sperm is chosen with the help of chemicals.What Happens During an IUI?
the IUI procedure, the doctor slides a thin, flexible tube through the cervix into the uterus. a small syringe is then used to insert the sperm through the tube directly into your uterus. A pregnancy becomes possible when the egg fertilizes. This process is relatively short and painless. After a rest of about an hour one may get back to work. The doctor then gives fertility drugs so that you can ovulate multiple eggs. IUI is usually not painful, but some people have mild cramping. This process is very quick and does not require anaesthesia.
India has been a forerunner in the world of medical tourism, especially for infertility treatments. The treatment of Artificial Insemination in Neelkanth Hospital is extremely affordable, especially when compared to the rates in other fertility centres.
Is there any risk with this procedure?
Artificial insemination does not require any surgery. Most of the women opting for this treatment do not experience any side effects. This treatment is fairly painless. Intrauterine Insemination like other medical treatments may have a few side effects out of which most of them are minor.
Most of the side effects occur due the fertility drugs prescribed by the doctor. The side effects caused by the drugs include:
- Minor abdominal pain or cramping
- Slight pain or swelling in ovaries
- A slight swelling on the spot of injection given.
The risk of the treatment includes:
- Risk of multiple births – Becoming pregnant with multiples is a factor about which people worry because multiple births have various complications such as low birth weight, miscarriage, complications at birth, premature delivery etc.
- Risk of OHSS – (Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome) The risk of an OHSS may have symptoms like Enlarged ovaries can lead to bloating, severe abdominal pain, vomiting or nausea, and breathing issues.
- Risk of Infection – There may be a risk of infection as a tube is inserted in the cervix to place the sperm. In this case mild risks include cramping or light pain in abdomen. The higher risk may include an injury to the cervix that leads to bleeding.
Most of the side effects of IUI are related to fertility drugs and eliminate as soon as the intake of these fertility medicines stop.