In Vitro fertilization is the process that is carried out outside the body with the combination of egg with sperm in the vitro. In general, this process is used for the treatment of infertility problems. In the laboratory, the retrieved eggs are fertilized by the sperm and the embryo is implanted in the uterus. This fertilization cycle goes for two weeks. It is the most effective form of reproductive technology. It is the most important treatment among infertility.
Requirements of IVF
The following causes of infertility can be treated by IVF:
Previous tubal ligation, disorders in ovulation, disabled sperm function or production, genetic disorder, Uterine fibroids, endometriosis, fertility preservation for health conditions, dysfunctional uterus, infertility with unknown cause, premature ovarian failure, blockage or damage of fallopian tube.
The first step is to take fertility medications for more months such that the ovaries can produce several eggs which are ready for fertilization. This process is called ovulation induction. Once the ovaries have produced mature eggs then the doctor removes those eggs from the body and egg retrieval is done.
In the laboratory, these eggs are mixed with the sperm cells from a donor and this is called Insemination. Eggs and sperm are stored in a container such that fertilization happens and embryos are formed as the cells in the fertilized eggs get divided. After the egg retrieval, these embryos are put into the uterus. Due to the attachment of any of the embryo to the lining of the uterus, pregnancy happens. Taking shots of hormones called progesterone will make it easier for the survival of embryo in the uterus.
It is the most known procedure of assisted reproductive technology and works with the combination of surgical and medicinal procedures which helps sperm to fertilize an egg and to implant the egg into the uterus. IVF process has many steps to complete the entire process. It increases the chances of becoming pregnant for women having fertility problems.
Side Effects of IVF
IVF has possible side effects and some risks. These include:
• Allergic reaction to medicines
• Breast tenderness
• Mood swings
• Bruising from shots
Risks of IVF include
• Multiple Births
• Premature Delivery and Low Birth Weight
• Ovarian Hyper Stimulation Syndrome
• Egg-Retrieval Procedure Complications
• Ectopic Pregnancy
• Stress and Birth Defects
After completion of an IVF session, complete bed rest of 1 day is recommended. Typical side effects can be observed such as:
• Light Bloating
• Mild Cramp
• Tenderness of Breast
After two weeks of egg retrieval, a blood sample will be tested to detect the pregnancy.
Success rate depends on reproductive history, maternal age, infertility factor, etc. The success rate of global live birth for women under 35 is about 40%. People undergoing IVF treatment may struggle with anxiety and depression throughout the process. It tends to be more expensive. The exact cost for an IVF cycle may vary but it can be around $15000 or more.
Neelkanth Hospital is the best IVF Center in Gurgaon, that provides advanced Infertility treatment with all the modern facilities and process like mini IVF.